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Basic Technology

What is Basic Technology?

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The Basic Technology subjects in HIPF introduce the basic science and engineering disciplines to Trainees. Basic Technology explains the workings of machines, the chemistry of plastics, the processes for plastics fabrication, and the importance of safety, to prepare the Trainees for the practical courses where they will be exposed to actual hands-on operations of the different plastics fabrication setups.

HIPF Course Description

Course Objective

  • To provide Trainees with the basic skills and information on plastics, its fabrication, and the plastics industry as a whole
  • To develop Trainee awareness on Safety and Good Shopfloor Practices
  • To give Trainees the basics of the engineering disciplines that are important to plastics fabrication – Industrial, Electrical, and Mechanical
  • To give Trainees basic information on the history, chemistry, and properties of plastics
  • To expose Trainees on the different fabrication processes used to manufacture different plastics products
  • To give Trainees awareness on the environmental concerns regarding plastics and how to solve such concerns

Course Outline

BASIC ENGINEERING

  1. Safety Engineering
      Basic Concepts; Safety Management; Preventing Accidents
  2. Basic Procedure for Safe Operation: General Overview
      5S and KY; Safety Procedures and Equipment
  3. Basic Procedure for Safe Operation: Processing Machine
    Safe Operations for Injection Molding, Blow Molding, Blown Film Extrusion, Sheet Extrusion, Pipe Extrusion, Thermoforming
  4. Good Shop Floor Practices
      Communication; Reporting; Abnormality Handling; Clean-up
  5. Introduction to the Petrochemical Industry
      History; Raw Materials; Plastics; Companies
  6. Introduction to Industrial Engineering
      Production Flow; Planning and Control; Facilities and Equipment Management; Cost Control
  7. Introduction to Machinery
      Threads; Fasteners; Shafts and Bearings; Gears; Wrapping Connectors; Pipes and Valves; Pumps; Air Machinery; Hydraulic and Pneumatic Equipment; Transportation Machinery; Materials Handling Loading Machinery; Technical Drawing
  8. Daily Machine Inspection Guide
      Inspections Lists for Process Machines; Material Supply
  9. Introduction to Electrical Engineering
      Principle of Electricity; Current; Voltage; Resistance, Direct Current; Alternating Current Circuits; Ammeters; Voltmeter; Multimeters; Switches; Molded Case Circuit Breakers (MCCBs); Motors; Transformers; Wires, Cords, and Cables; Lighting and Heating
  10. Introduction to Control Technology
      Concept of Automation; Types of Automatic Control; Feed Back and Feed Forward Control; Non Linear Action and Linear Action Controls; Industrial Robots
  11. Introduction to Measurement
      Dimensions; Mass (Weight); Temperature; Pressure; Speed; Flow Rate; Changing Units
  12. Quality Control
      Statistical Techniques; Case Studies
  13. Cost Accounting
      Introduction to Cost Accounting; Production Costing Method; Management Accounting; Case Studies

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BASIC PLASTICS

    1. Beginning Plastics
        History; Polymers and Macromolecules; Definition of Plastics; Writing and Naming Polymers; Polymerization Reactions; Classification of Plastics; Properties of Plastics; Fabrication of Plastics
    2. Plastics Materials
        Properties and Applications of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Polypropylene (PP), Poly[vinyl Chloride] (PVC), and Polystyrene (PS)
    3. Formulation Technology
        Additives – Antioxidant, UV Absorber, Light Stabilizer, PVC Stabilizer, Metal Deactivator, Neutralizer, Lubricant, Plasticizer, Antistatic Agent, Flame Retardant; Foaming Agent, Anti-blocking Agent, Anti-Fogging Agent, Colorant, Nucleating Agent, Processing Aid, and Biocide; Masterbatch Computations
    4. Molds for Resin Processing
        Molds for Injection Molding, Blow Molding, Vacuum and Pressure Forming, and Rotational Molding; Types of Gates; Mold Design
    5. Fabrication Processes for Films and Sheets
        Blown Film Extrusion; Flat Film Extrusion; Sheet Extrusion; Multilayer Co-extrusion; Extrusion Coating; Stretching; Calendering; Casting; Other Processes
    6. Fabrication Processes for Rigid Articles
        Pipe Extrusion; Dies; Injection Molding; Blow Molding; Thermoforming; Compression Molding; Transfer Molding; Rotational Molding
    7. Other Molding Methods
        Foam Molding; Reactive Injection Molding (RIM); Cast Molding; Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP); Rapid Prototyping
    8. Secondary Processing Technologies
        Bag Making; Printing; Perforation; Slitting; Laminating Plastics Film; Vacuum Evaporation; Welding; Coating; Plating
    9. Related Technologies
        Pelletizers; Mixing Machines; Shredding Machines; Drying Machines
    10. Physical Properties and Formability of Molten Resins
        Flow Behavior; Fabrication Temperature; Melt Elasticity and Viscosity; Shear and Extensional Flows; Melt Flow Rate; Die Swell and Draw-down
    11. Technologies for Recycling Plastics

Global Waste Problems; Mechanical Recycling; Feedstock Recycling; Energy Recovery; Supplemental Technologies for Recycling; Biodegradable Plastics